Malus (Apple)


Apple trees belong the the Malus genus in the Rosacaea family and includes over 7,500 varieties ranging from ornamental to edible including such species as M. sylvestris, M. domestica, M. communis, and M. frutescens.

Wild Malus spp. trees can grow up to 12 meters in height, which makes picking the fruits problematic. So modern farmed varieties and ones which people choose for their gardens are grafted onto root stocks which limited grow to 1.8 meters to 4.6 meters in height. Making it much easier to pick those delicious fruits.

Malus domestica

M. domestica is a deciduous tree which grows up to 9 meters in height and is hardy to UK zone 3. Flowering between April and June, producing hermaphrodite flowers which are pollinated by insects.

Edible uses

  • Fruit (raw or cooked)
  • An edible oil can be extracted from the seeds
  • Pectin can be extracted from the fruits (often used in jam making!)

Medicinal uses

  • Fruits from M. domestica are laxative and astringent
  • Bark (especially root bark) is soporific, refrigerant and anthelmintic

Other uses

  • Pectin can be extracted from fruits
  • The mechanical action of eating apples services to lean both the teeth and gums!
  • Wood is hard and compact with a fine grain making it valued in turnery, handles, canes and as a fuel source

Wildlife & Eco Gardens can not take any responsibility for the ingestion, use or any adverse reactions from the use of plants. Always seek professional advice before using a plant medicinally.

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